Trombone – brass bass-tenor registered musicial instrument. It is known from the XV century. During its existence, the trombone almost not undergone radical changes in its design. The first tool is essentially a trombone, called sakbutami (from the French. Saquer – pull to itself, bouter – by pushing). They were smaller than modern instruments in size and have several varieties of register: soprano, alto, tenor and bass. Sakbuty thanks to the chromatic scale immediately become permanent members of the orchestra. The basic trombone is the standard Bb tenor trombone. This straight trombone has been around since the early 17th century and its design hasn’t really changed. The trombone is different to all other brass instruments as it uses a slide to change notes instead of valves. To change notes the slide is moved in or out. This changes the length of the air column. As the tube lengthens, the air column also gets bigger which makes the pitch alter.
Trombones come in various shapes and sizes with numerous attachments and valves. Each type has its own unique tonal qualities that may attract you. Some can play high pitch sounds while some can play low bass clef music. Others may allow you to play the full range of the specific music. There are several basic types of trombones:
- Tenor trombones are the most common and the simplest ones. Tenor trombones are tuned to B-flat and are most commonly treated as non-transposing instruments
- Bass trombones come with a larger bell and wider bore while retaining the same length as regular tenor trombones. They’re also tuned to B-flat, but it’s one octave below the tenor trombone’s range
- Alto trombones usually tuned to E-flat, although there are some examples that are in F. The main reason why they’re rarely used is that tenor trombones can usually cover most of the alto trombone’s range
- The soprano trombone goes exactly one octave above the tenor trombone. The reason why it’s rarely ever used is that these sonic areas are usually covered by woodwind and not brasswind instruments
The Bell is where the sound waves emerge from the trombone. Each type of trombone has a different sized bell and can range from close to 7” all the way up to 10.5”. The size of the bell has an effect on the sound produced and projected.
Trombone tubing is generally made from brass and if laid out in a straight line would be over 2 meters.
There are 2 types of slide on a trombone, the tuning slide which is located at the heel of the trombone. The player uses this to make small adjustments when playing to the tuning. The other slide is the outer slide. This is used to produce different tones by changing the overall length of the trombone tubing.
The mouthpiece is what the player uses to direct air and lip vibrations into the trombone. Trombone mouthpieces are large and deep which enables a new player to produce a tone much more easily than other brass instruments, so ideal for beginners.
Buy trombones in Musician.UA
In the “Musician” stores you can buy trombones, such as a sax stand, valve oil, polish, mouthpiece brush, polishing cloth, music stand and much more. To do this, place an order on our website musician.ua. You have the opportunity to order a delivery. You can always count on professional advice and assistance in choosing the right product. We care about the quality of service and do our best to make you happy with your purchase.