Trumpet - one of the oldest musical instruments. Mention of the oldest instruments of this type date back to about 3600 BC. Trumpets existed in many civilizations - ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, ancient China, et al., And used as signal instruments. Such a role to play trumpet for centuries up to the XVII century.
In the Middle Ages trumpeters were members of the army, they could transfer a signal quickly to other parts of the order to the commander of the army, is at a distance. The art of playing the trumpet was considered "elite", it trained only specifically selected people. In peacetime, the trumpet sounded at festive processions, knightly tournaments, in large cities there position "tower" trumpet that announces the arrival of a high-ranking person, changing the time of day (thus acting as a peculiar hours), approaching the city of enemy troops and other events.
The most common type of a trumpet is a structure of B flat (in B), sounding a tone lower than its written notes. In American orchestras are often also used in the build up to the trumpet (in C), and having not transposed, open sound than the trumpet in B. Alto trumpet in G or in F, sounding at the perfect fourth or fifth lower than written notes and prednaznayuschayasya for performance sounds in the low register. Currently rarely used, instead increasingly used flugelhorn.