Cello (Italian violoncello, a diminutive of violone - bass) - stringed instrument of the violin family, basotenorovogo register customizable fifths (C, G, D, A). Cello range up to 5 octaves.
Cello appeared in the late 15th - early 16th centuries, as a result of a long development of traditional stringed instruments. Initially used as a way deep bass instrument in a variety of ensembles and to accompany singing or playing the violin and flute. Classic cello samples were created by Italian masters of the 17-18 centuries. A. & H. Amati, John. Guarneri, A. Stradivari, Bergonzi K., D. Montagnana and others.