Djembe – a musical percussion instrument, African drum shaped cup with an open narrow top and a wide bottom, which stretched membrane of the skin. It is a widely used based in the XII century strong state of Mali, where the djembe entered the territory of the whole of West Africa, however, he became known to the West only in the 50-ies of XX century. Djembe made only one piece of wood, and thanks kubkoobraznoy form an effect of bass resonance. Some musicians sit on lying on the ground tool, but at such a formulation has a huge disadvantage: the instrument is not designed for the weight sitting on it man and can begin to crack under the rope setting up the rope may be damaged by friction with the ground, dust and sand can get inside the drum and damage over time, the diaphragm and the main thing in this situation is much more difficult to play due to the fact that making great muscular effort forearms.
Musicians have been playing on darbuka for over ten centuries in a vast geographical region that covers Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. The word "darbouka" probably comes from daraba, which means "to strike" in Arabic. But many iconographic elements testify to the existence of ancestors of this instrument in ancient Egypt, from the Middle Kingdom (II th millennium), as well as Babylon around 1100 BC, and even in Sumerian cultures. Throughout time, it has been made of different materials, such as clay, wood and metal, with fish or calf skin for the parchment. Gradually, synthetic materials started being used for the drum's membrane. The instrument continues to be manufactured by artisans throughout the Middle East as well as by professional workshops in countries like Egypt, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece and even USA. This drum in the modern world is associated with parties – weddings and social gatherings, night clubs with belly dancers, etc.
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